The tech terms you should definitely know.
Oct 26, 2018 4:00am
It’s 2018—and while computers, iPhones, Androids and wearable tech might be all around us, there’s definitely things we can all improve on.
If you’re finding yourself lacking in ‘geek speak‘, or understanding modern-day technology terms, now is probably the time to brush up, and we’re here to help.
You don’t want to be embarrassed at work, uni, or in front of friends and family members who consider you a youthful, brainy millennial (unless they think no millennials are smart, which, if they aren’t millennials, is likely).
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Scroll down for all the niche technology terms you should probably add to your vocabulary, stat.
Cache: Cache is a web browser or web server feature which stores copies of web pages on a computer‘s hard disk. These copies serve as a ‘memory’ for your server, and make it quicker to load pages that you’ve visited before.
Graymail: Not quite spam, but not the sort of inbox mail you jump to open either. Graymail is usually unwanted emails that get instantly deleted. Those weekly sale alerts from that international retailer? The daily updates from the blog you started following three years ago? Emails about your gym’s latest ‘bring a friend’ day? All graymail.
Big Data: Big data basically is any set of information so vast that regular digital analytical tools are rendered useless. In 2012 it was classified as ranging from “a few dozen terabytes to many petabytes of data.” Commercial companies want to use big data to learn more about their customer’s internet history, buying patterns and lifestyles – but this obviously raises concerns over internet privacy laws.
Cloud (and Cloud Computing): The Cloud is a philosophical way to talk about the Internet—in all it’s intangible, ethereal glory. Cloud Computing refers to applications and services that operate purely over the internet—like file storage systems (like Dropbox), content distribution (BitTorrent) and social networking services (Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn).
Bandwidth: A measure for the speed (i.e. the amount of data) you can send through an Internet connection. The more bandwidth you have, the speedier the connection.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): HTML is the language of the web. HTML is a set of tags used to define the content, layout and formatting of the web document. Web browsers use the HTML tags to define how to display the text.
SEO (Search Engine Optimisation): The methods used to boost the ranking of a website in a search engine like Google, by using keywords relevant to that site’s content.
Cookie: Information from a web server, stored on your computer by your web browser. The purpose of a cookie is to provide information about your visit to the website for use by the server during a later visit. Cookies are often what are tracked by ‘big data’ collecting sites.
Hotspot: A hotspot is a physical space where you can access the Internet wirelessly through Wi-Fi. Cafes, airports and public buildings often create hotspots to keep people hanging around. Yay for free Internet. You can also create their own hotspots using an Internet-enabled iPhone.
IoT (or the Internet of Things): The ‘Internet of things’ refers to web or app-enabled appliances outside the usual tech suspects like laptops, phones and tablets. Think stovetops, air conditioners and personal fitness trackers. These devices, or ‘things,’ connect to the Internet to allow for greater user control and real-time intelligence.
Python: A high level programming language used by coders to build websites.
Web Spider, Crawler or Bot: An automated computer programme that searches the Internet for web pages. Google and other search engines use spiders to find and index pages on websites. They can also be used to spam sites, and ‘bot farms’ can ‘fake traffic’ by sending millions of automated clicks to a designated website.
Honeypot: Basically a super high level security system that lures and then traps would-be computer hackers or spammers, like a honeypot. Clever, huh?
IBT: In between technology. As in, “My phone’s just run out of juice, I’m out of the office and won’t be home for another hour. #IBT”
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